Kekuatan Tekan dan Flexural Material Komposit Serat Bambu Epoksi

Agustinus Purna Irawan, I Wayan Sukania




Abstract


Natural fiber composite to be one good choice to substitute synthetic fiber composite. One of the abundance of natural fiber is bamboo fiber. This study aims to develop and obtain the mechanical characteristics of bamboo fiber composite with epoxy matrix that will be implemented on the socket prosthesis product. Testing was conducted involve the compressive strength according ASTM D 695, flexural strength according ASTM D 730-03, and compressive failure test of socket prototype product according ISO 10328. Based on the results testing, obtained compressive strength of 41.44 MPa, flexural strength of 98.32 MPa, and compressive failure maximum of socket prosthesis prototype made ​​from bamboo fiber epoxy composites 87.1 ± 4.3 kN. The result show that strength of bamboo fiber epoxy composite has potential to be developed further as socket prosthesis and other engineering materials.


Keywords


Bamboo fiber epoxy composite, compressive strength, flexural strength, compressive failure.

References


John Craig, Prosthetic Feet for Low-Income Countries, Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Vol. 17. No. 4S, pp. 27-49, 2005.

Jerico Biagiotti, Debora Puglia, Luigi Torre, Jose M. Kenny, A Systematic Investigation on The Influence of the Chemical treatment of Natural Fibers on the Properties of Their Poly¬mer Matrix Composites, Polymer Composites, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 470-479, 2004.

Jamasri, Peluang dan Tantangan Pengem-bang¬an Komposit Serat Alam di Indonesia, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Mesin dan Indus¬tri (SNMI4) 2008, Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tarumanagara Jakarta, pp. 1-13, 2008.

Sapuan, S.M., Zan, M.N.M. Zainudin, E.S. and Prithvi Raj Arora, Tensile and Flexural Strengths of Coconut Spathe-Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Com-posites, Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Vol. 43, pp. 63-65, 2005.

Onal, L. and Karaduman, Y., Mechanical Charac-terization of Carpet Waste Natural Fiber-Rein¬forced Polymer Composites. Journal of Compo¬site Materials, Vol. 43, pp. 1-18, 2009.

Shasmin, H.N., Abu Osman, N.A., and Abd. Latif, L., Economical Tube Adapter Material in Below Knee Prosthesis, Biomed 2008, Procee¬dings, 21, pp. 407-409, 2008.

Abdul Rochman, Pemakaian Teknologi Prate¬kan pada Balok Kayu dengan Tendon dari Bambu. Jurnal Penelitian Sains & Teknologi, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 150-165, 2004.

Zulmahdi Darwis, Kapasitas Geser Balok Bambu Laminasi Terhadap Variasi Perekat Labur Dan Kulit Luar Bambu, Media Teknik Sipil, Vol. X, pp. 14-21, 2010.

Danny Eldo, Bambang Kismono Hadi, Muham¬mad Kusni, Analisis Kekuatan Lentur Struktur Sandwich Komposit Serat Bambu Dengan Core Polyurethane Melalui Uji Three Point Bending Dan Metode Elemen Hingga, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Tahunan Teknik Mesin (SNTTM) ke 9, pp. MIV221-230, 2010.

Sri Handayani, Pengujian Sifat Mekanik Bambu (Metode Pengawetan Dengan Boraks, Jurnal Teknik Sipil & Perencanaan, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 43-53,2007.

Agustinus Purna Irawan, I Wayan Sukania, Laporan Akhir Penelitian Hibah Bersaing Tahun 2011, Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Untar, Jakarta, 2011.

ASTM, Annual Book of ASTM Standard,West Conshohocken, 2003.

Autar K. Ka. Mechanics of Composite Material, CRC Press, Boca Raton, New York, 1997.

BS ISO 10328-3:1996. Prosthetics, Structural Testing of Lower-Limb Prostheses, Principal Struc¬tural Tests. www.iso.org.

Agustinus Puna Irawan, Rekayasa Komposit Serat Alam Prototipe Produk Prosthesis Ang¬gota Gerak Bawah (Lower Limb Prosthesis), Disertasi, Departemen Teknik Mesin FT UI, 2010.

Agustinus Purna Irawan, I Wayan Sukania, Tensile and Impact Strength of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composite as Alternative Mate¬¬rials for Above Knee Prosthesis Socket, Proceeding of ICTSD 2012, ISBN 978-602-7776-06-7,UniversitasUdayana. pp. M109-115, 2012.

I Wayan Sukania, Agustinus Purna Irawan, Laporan Akhir Riset Unggulan Perguruan Tinggi, Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tarumanagara. Jakarta, 2012.


Full Text: PDF

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Jurnal Teknik Mesin, ISSN: 1410-9867

hit counter
View My Stats




Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team